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Abstract: An operating system (OS) is the software responsible for controlling and managing hardware and basic system operations, as well as running application software such as word processing programs and Web browsers. In general, the operating system is the first layer of software loaded into computer memory when it starts up. All other software that gets loaded after it depends on the operating system to provide various common core services, such as disk access, memory management, task scheduling, and user interfaces. As operating systems evolve, ever more services are expected to be common core. These days, an OS may be required to provide network and Internet connectivity and also to protect the computer's other software from damage by malicious programs, such as viruses. Operating systems in widespread use on personal computers (PC) have consolidated into two families: the Microsoft Windows family and the Unix-like family. Mainframe computers and embedded systems use a variety of different operating systems, many with no direct connection to Windows or Unix.
Building Operating Systems is much about studying existing systems, knowing common problems, knowing what other people did, and figuring out if their ideas can be applied to a given new problem. These long-lasting principles - as opposed to specific details of today's systems/software - is what this half course is about.
- Half-Course, Praktische Informatik, Hauptstudium.
- Offered regularly, at least once every two years, usually in sping.
- 2 lectures per week, 2h each, over one semester (4SWS VL).
- 1 lab (Praktikum) per week, 2h each, over one semester (2SWS PR).
Credits and grading:
- There will be a few, short, unannounced, closed-book quizzes to verify your existence and to test your understanding.
- To qualify for the final examination, you have to complete all lab assignments to the satisfaction of the teaching assistant (70% = 35 points).
- Regular class attendance is expected; frequent absences are grounds for a failing grade regardless of other performance. You may be missing up to 1 lecture per semester without prior and reasonable excuse. 'prior' means notification by email before the end of business the day before the lecture. 'reasonable' means sickness or study-related events that require your attendance.
- Lectures begin on time. Students arriving more than 10 minutes late will not be admitted to the lecture and will be counted as 'missing' that day.
- Successful completion of PI-1.
- Practical experience with C and C++, Software Development Tools on Unix.
Here are some useful tutorials:
Lab (Praktikum):Syllabus - Lecture:
- Administrative Information [ slides]
- Historical Review [ slides]
- Basics [ slides (part 1)] [ slides (part 2)]
- Virtual Machines [ slides]
- Processes [ slides]
- CPU Scheduling [ slides]
- Threads [ slides]
- Concurrency and Synchronization [ slides]
- Deadlocks [ slides]
- Memory Management - Virtual Memory [ slides]
- Memory Management - Paging and Trashing [ slides]
- Memory Management - Linking [ slides]
- Mass Storage - Disk Storage [ slides]
- Mass Storage - File Systems [ draft (not final version)]
- Mass Storage - Flash Memory [ slides]
- Mass Storage - Recovery and Performance [ draft (not final version)]
- IO Devices and Drivers [ slides]
- Was not covered in lecture, will not be included in examination.
- Real-Time Systems
|Jane W.S. Liu. Real Time Systems. Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-099651-3, 2000.|
|C.M. Krishna, Kang G. Shin. Real-Time Systems. McGraw-Hill, ISBN: 0-07-057043-4, 1997. |
|Hermann Kopetz. Real-Time Systems: Design Principles for Distributed Embedded Applications. Kluwer, ISBN 0-79-239894-7, 1997.|
|Silberschatz, Galvin, Gagne. Operating System Concepts. 6th Edition. John Wiley & Sonns, 2003. ISBN 0-471-25060-0|
|William Stallings. Betriebssysteme – Prinzipien und Umsetzung. 4. Auflage. Prentice Hall, 2003. ISBN 3-8273-7030-2|
|Andrew Tanenbaum. Moderne Betriebssysteme. 2002. ISBN 3827370191|
|R. G. Herrtwich and G. Hommel. Kooperation und Konkurrenz - Nebenläufige, verteilte und echtzeitabhängige Programmsysteme. Springer-Verlag, 1989. ISBN 3-540-51701-4.|
|H. Kopetz. Real-Time Systems: Design Principles for Distributed Embedded Applications. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997. ISBN 0-7923-9894-7.|
|Joseph Pranevich, The Wonderful World of Linux 2.6.|
http://www.kniggit.net/wwol26.html (cached pdf)